Cannabis Indica & Cannabis Sativa
Marijuana is an annual herbaceous plant in the Cannabis genus, a species of the Cannabaceae family.
People have cultivated Cannabis sativa throughout recorded history as a source of industrial fibre, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods, and medicine.
Each part of the plant is harvested differently, depending on the purpose of its use. The species was first classified by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753.
Cannabis Indica vs. Cannabis Sativa
Cannabis sativa has a higher level of THC compared to CBD, while Cannabis indica has a higher level of CBD compared to THC.
Cannabis strains with relatively high CBD:THC ratios are less likely to induce anxiety than vice versa.
This may be due to CBD's antagonistic effects at the cannabinoid receptors, compared to THC's partial agonist effect.
CBD is also a 5-HT1A receptor (serotonin) agonist, which may also contribute to an anxiolytic-content effect.
This likely means the high concentrations of CBD found in Cannabis indica mitigate the anxiogenic effect of THC significantly.
The effects of sativa are well known for its cerebral high, while indica is well known for its sedative effects which some prefer for night time use.
Both types are used as medical cannabis. Indica plants are normally shorter and stockier than sativas.
They have wide, deeply serrated leaves and a compact and dense flower cluster.
The effects of indicas are predominantly physical and sedative.
"Marijuana", or "marihuana", a name for the cannabis plant and/or drug preparation made from it.
The term, originally spelled variously as "marihuana", "mariguana" originated in Mexican Spanish, the ultimate derivation is unknown.
Additionally, traditional association with the personal name María Juana ("Mary Jane") is probably a folk etymology.
The original Mexican Spanish used forms with the letter 'h' (marihuana) where forms using the letter 'j' (marijuana) seem to be an innovation of English.
The word entered English usage in the late 19th century.
Through the early 20th century, however, both the drug and the plant were more commonly known as "cannabis" or "hemp".
The term "Marihuana" increased dramatically in the 1930s, when it was preferred as an exotic sounding alternative.
Where did MJ come from.
Marijuana is indigenous to Central and South Asia.
In 2003, a leather basket filled with Marijuana leaf fragments and seeds was found next to a 2,500- to 2,800-year-old mummified shaman in the northwestern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China.
Evidence for the consumption of Marijuana has also been found in Egyptian mummies dated about 950 BC.
Known to have been used by the ancient Hindus of India and Nepal thousands of years ago.
The herb was called ganjika in Sanskrit (गांजा,ganja in modern Indo-Aryan languages).
Ancient history of ritual use, for marijuana and is found in pharmacological cults around the world.
Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazyryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BCE.
Weed pipes dug up from the garden of Shakespeare's home contained traces of Marijuana.
The chemical analysis was carried out after researchers hypothesized that the "noted weed" mentioned in Sonnet 76 and the "journey in my head" from Sonnet 27 could be references to Marijuana and the use thereof.
The criminalizatoin of marijuana in various countries beginning in the early 20th century.
In the United States, the first restrictions for sale of marijuana came in 1906 (in District of Columbia).
In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed, and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis.
In New York City, more than 41,000 pounds of marijuana was growing like weeds throughout the boroughs until 1951, when the "White Wing Squad", was charged with destroying the many pot farms that had sprouted up across the city.
The Squad found the most weed in Queens but even in Brooklyn dug up millions of dollars worth of the plants.
The United Nations' 2012 Global Drug Report stated that cannabis "was the world's most widely produced, trafficked, and consumed drug in the world in 2010",
identifying that between 119 million and 224 million users existed in the world's adult (18 or older) population.
Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic THC and cannabinoids.
Lately many political parties, non-profit organizations and causes based on the legalization of medical marijuana and/or legalizing the plant entirely have been emerging.
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